Mississauga Chiropractor Presents: Hip Sprain

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Here`s another blog from a Mississauga Chiropractor…

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A hip sprain is a forceful/traumatic injury to the hip joint capsule.  The hip joint is normally a very stable, deep ball & socket joint with very strong ligaments.  Mild sprains are the most common type of sprain, while moderate & severe sprains are more rare.

 

Risk factors:

  • Often physically young individuals
  • Muscle imbalances, fatigue or weakness

 

Potential Causes:

  • A violent rotation or abduction motion
  • Repeated rotation abduction or hyperextension
  • Forceful contact when the joint is at extreme end range of motion

 

History:

  1. Groin pain;  pain is sometimes referred to the medial thigh or knee
  2. Mechanism of injury is twisting or doing the “splits” (hyper-abduction)
  3. Normally there is a snap, pop or tear
  4. There is mild pain, except at the end range of motion
  5. Irritation when running, jumping, changing directions when walking/running, stretching the groin

 

Management:

These injuries are usually mild and should heal quickly.  Symptoms should subside within 1-3 weeks & should not reoccur

 

Acute:

  1. Clinic Care:
    1. Ice; avoid aggravating activities
    2. Low force adjustments and mobilization as tolerated
    3. Soft Tissue Therapy or massage to the thigh, glutes and lower back
    4. Treatment is 2-3 times a week for 2-3 weeks

 

  1. Home Care:
    1. Rest – reduce or eliminate high impact ballistic &/or long distance training
    2. Walking & low impact activities as tolerated (crutches or canes are not necessary if the sprain is mild)
    3. Pain free active range of motion exercises and light stretching as tolerated
    4. Ice

 

Post-Acute:

  1. Clinic Care:
    1. Heat, massage, trigger point treatment, stretching & adjustments/mobilizations
    2. PNF contract-relax stretches & ART (active release technique) – soft tissue therapy
    3. Instruct proper mechanics and home exercises
    4. Strengthen the thigh & gluteal muscles especially rotator & abductors
    5. Treatment is 1 times a week for 1-2 weeks

 

Prognosis:

Significant improvement within 2-3 weeks; full recovery in 6 weeks or less

 

 

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